There was a time not so long ago when dining out was a rare treat and most of our meals were prepared at home.
Today, restaurants are lined up along main roads, and fast-food joints are tucked into every corner of our world. We even have the ability to summon just about any kind of food to our couch with the tap of an app.
The result: A solid 20 percent of the calories we consume as a nation comes from some type of restaurant.
The study analyzed the dietary selections of more than 35,000 U.S. adults from 2003 to 2016 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to determine how often they dined at full-service or fast-food restaurants.
The researchers assessed nutritional quality by evaluating specific foods and nutrients in the meals, based on the American Heart Association 2020 Diet Score.
The researchers found that at fast-food restaurants, about 70 percent of the meals Americans consumed were of poor dietary quality.
At full-service restaurants, about 50 percent were of poor nutritional quality.
The researchers also report that less than 0.1 percent of all the restaurant meals consumed over the study period were of ideal quality.
â€œLooking at how close or far each meal was from ideal, the biggest problem is actually too few healthy components,â€ he said.
The lowest scores â€” and the greatest room for improvement â€” were seen for whole grains, fish and other seafood, and legumes, nuts, and seeds, Mozaffarian says.
â€œAdding more healthy foods to restaurant meals, while reducing salt, is the biggest opportunity for improving their healthfulness,â€ he said.
Making quality food available
The study results come as no surprise to food entrepreneur Shannon Allen and her husband, former NBA star Ray Allen.
Eight years ago, while driving along a suburban Boston highway and realizing her young son with type 1 diabetes needed to eat quickly, Shannon Allen was faced with the realization that not one of the many restaurants she passed â€” fast food or otherwise â€” came close to offering the kind of meals she chooses to feed her children.
In reaction, Allen took action. She formed Grown, a group of organically certified restaurants.
Her goal is to place a healthy spot to eat quickly close enough for anyone to access.
So far, Grown has four locations, including one in the Florida stadium that will host Super Bowl 2020.
Allen agrees personal choice plays a role in ordering, but she places the responsibility squarely on the restaurants themselves.
â€œI think that for the most part, the food industry is broken,â€ Allen told ishonest. â€œFor some families, itâ€™s cost prohibitive to eat real food. Delicious, fresh, nutrient dense, organic ingredients are about three times more expensive than conventional grown ingredients, and it only costs pennies to eat traditional fast food, like burgers, tacos, and fries.â€
Allen says those choices arenâ€™t necessarily a bad thing if theyâ€™re an occasional meal. However, if thatâ€™s the only kind of food a person can afford, it will affect their health over time.
â€œIf we lead with whatâ€™s right, what is real, and what is obvious â€” that real food made with fresh, organic ingredients should be the right of every family,â€ she said, â€œnow we are really doing something to change busy peopleâ€™s lives for the better.â€
Getting the government to act
Mozaffarian agrees that restaurants must take action, but he adds this problem should be attacked with a societal and governmental effort as well.
He says federal, state, and local governments should reward restaurants that are doing the right thing.
Those officials, for example, can link the Opportunity Zones legislation to healthier menu items, or provide tax or regulatory policy that encourages and lowers the cost of healthier options and eating.
He adds that more messaging is needed to consumers about how critical their food choices are for health and healthcare costs.
â€œMany chefs are showing that healthier options can taste even better than unhealthy ones. We need more of this innovation,â€ Mozaffarian said.
What you can do
So, whatâ€™s a busy diner to do?
Susan Weiner, MS, RDN, CDE, FAADE, owner of Susan Weiner Nutrition, suggests diners take time to think ahead, study menus, and not fall prey to special â€œvalue deals.â€
â€œIf youâ€™re with other people, itâ€™s always best to order first,â€ she told ishonest. â€œYou are less likely to be peer influenced.â€
She also suggests the following:
- Review the menu before you go to the restaurant so you have a heads-up on the offerings. You can also call in advance to see if food can be prepared in a way thatâ€™s satisfactory to you.
- Try to avoid the â€œupsellâ€ meal deals. Stick to the basics.
- Your server is your friend. Be kind, and ask for recommendations that would fit your needs.
- Put some away for lunch tomorrow. Think about how much you would eat at home. Chances are restaurant portions are much larger. Or, share a meal.
Mozaffarian would also like to see the presidential candidates not just take this up as a talking point, but take action on the campaign trail.
â€œWith the 2020 elections in full swing, everyone is talking about healthcare and healthcare costs, but no one is addressing a leading driver: poor food,â€ he said.
â€œIn fact, it sometimes seems like the candidates are trying to outdo each other on the campaign trail by eating the worst food possible. We will never get healthcare costs under control until we fix our food system. This is a leading opportunity for innovation and better health,â€ Mozaffarian said.
Read more on: gain