Workout Secrets that Wont Worsen Psoriasis
When you have psoriasis, an autoimmune disease that causes scaly patches on the skin, it may be daunting to think about working out and getting sweaty. But with a few modifications to your routine, there are ways to have a safe workout despite psoriasis flare-ups.
â€œPatients with psoriasis have a higher than average weight,â€ says Delphine Lee, MD, a dermatologist for the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint Johnâ€™s Health Center in Santa Monica, California. â€œThe inflammation that causes the skin rash in a patient with psoriasis may also be worse with obesity â€” and inflammation may affect your heart health.â€ For these reasons, exercise is particularly important for your overall health.
While exercising can be a challenge at times, following these six simple tips can help:
1. Choose Your Workout Gear Carefully
â€œIn general, itâ€™s best to wear loose-fitting clothing,â€ says Dhaval G. Bhanusali, MD, a dermatologist in New York City. â€œFriction can cause irritation and can worsen symptoms, particularly under the breasts or on the inner thighs,â€ he notes. Dr. Bhanusali recommends applying moisturizer to those sensitive areas after working out. If youâ€™re working out on hot summer days, Bhanusali says you can apply sweat-absorbing powders to minimize perspiration.
2. Start Safely With a Low-Impact Workout
Aerobic activity can improve cardiovascular health, Lee says, and low-impact aerobic exercises can be a good place to start. You should also think about your joint health â€” about one in three people with psoriasis may also have psoriatic arthritis, according to the National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF). If you have access to a gym, ask a personal trainer to suggest an exercise routine that will ensure safety and encourage motivation, Lee recommends.
3. Donâ€™t Rule Out Swimming and Water Aerobics
Chlorine can cause dryness and irritation, which may worsen psoriasis symptoms, says Bhanusali. But swimming and water aerobics are also great exercise. To keep skin moist, he suggests applying a thin layer of moisturizer before getting into the pool. Heavier products, like Vaseline and Aquaphor, can work for severe symptoms, while CeraVe is lighter, which can work better in warmer weather.
4. Protect Yourself When Exercising Outdoors
Natural sunlight can help with psoriasis symptoms. The way it works is that ultraviolet B (UVB) delays growth of affected skin cells, according to the NPF. But only short intervals of exposure â€” 5 to 10 minutes â€” are recommended to start. Lee suggests wearing sun-protective clothing and using sunscreen to reduce the risk of skin cancer.
5. Wipe Down Your Equipment to Avoid Infection
Cleaning equipment thoroughly before and after use is important. As long as the skin barrier is intact, someone with psoriasis shouldnâ€™t be at any more risk for infection than someone without the disease, says Tien Nguyen, MD, a dermatologist at Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California. But anyone with open wounds, or those who are taking powerful medication that suppresses the immune system, could be more susceptible to serious infections, like cellulitis, Bhanusali says. Always cover any open cuts, and immediately clean and bandage superficial abrasions.
6. Donâ€™t Forget to Moisturize After Showering
Sweat contains salt, which can be drying and cause irritation, Bhanusali notes, so be sure to shower immediately after any physical activity. Apply moisturizer while your skin is still damp to ensure the best absorption.
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