Leave it to Sarah Silverman to let the world in on her skin struggles while showing off her bikini bod on a sandy beach.
We totally agree she looks awesome. But what the heck is melasma, and what's with the face wrapping?
Covering up like this is part of living with this skin condition, which is characterized by brownish patches on areas of the body that tend to get a lot of sun exposure.
â€œThe face is most commonly affected by melasma, with symmetric patches appearing on the cheeks, forehead, nose, upper lip, and chin,â€ explains Shilpi Khetarpal, MD, a medical and cosmetic dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic.
The patches develop when skin cells called melanocytes go into overdrive, producing excess pigment that presents as dark spots.
â€œNinety percent of melasma cases occur in women,â€ says Dr. Khetarpal. The disorder is often called "the mask of pregnancy," as up to 25% of women experience melasma when they're expecting.
The exact reason melanocytes go haywire isn't known, but it may be triggered by a combination of sun exposure and hormone changes, says Dr. Khetarpal, which certainly happen during pregnancy. control-pill.aspx' target='_blank' rel='noopener noreferrer' >Birth control pills can also cause melasma, she adds.
When it comes to treating melasma, Silverman knows what she's doing. â€œThe most important thing is strict sun protection and wearing daily sunscreen, specifically one that contains the ingredient iron oxide,â€ says Dr. Khetarpal.
First-line therapy for melasma also includes a prescription cream that contains tretinoin (a derivative of vitamin A), a skin-bleaching agent called hydroquinone, and a topical steroid that reduces inflammation. Chemical peels and laser therapy can also help.
But even with all of these options, the condition may never really go away. â€œDespite the numerous therapies available, high recurrence rates and inconsistent results remain the challenge,â€ says Dr. Khetarpal, adding that even though patches can get lighter over time, itâ€™s unusual for them to disappear entirely on their own.
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