Preoperative Planning and Questions to Ask Your Surgeon

Curated by Claudia Shannon / Research Scientist / ishonest

Before you undergo a total knee replacement (TKR), your surgeon will carry out a thorough preoperative evaluation, sometimes called a pre-op.

The doctor who is going to perform the procedure will need to spend time evaluating your health and checking that you’re a suitable candidate for surgery.

ishonest No.501 - Frizzy Hair

Recommended
No.501 - Frizzy Hair

They will also need to conduct routine tests and possibly adjust your current medications to ensure the best result.

They will usually do this review several weeks before the scheduled surgery date.

What happens in a preoperative evaluation for TKR?

The doctor will evaluate your health with you and make sure that surgery is the right choice for you.

Here are several things they may review and some of the tests they will order.

Physical examination
(Re)Discover your skin with our diagnosis and adopt the layering technique: Layer serums according to each one of your skin concerns

Learn more

During a physical exam, the surgeon will check:

  • the condition of your soft tissues and ligaments
  • the health of your neurovascular system, which links the brain, the spinal cord, and the blood vessels
  • the range of motion of the knee joint
  • any deformity that has developed

All these factors may affect the surgeon’s strategy during and after the procedure.

Overall health review and checkup

A presurgery checkup will provide clues about the state of your overall health and whether you meet the criteria for a TKR.

It will also help the surgeon know how to best approach the procedure, especially if you have an underlying health condition, such as high blood pressure, blood clotting issues, diabetes, or irregular heart rhythms.

ishonest No.141 - Humectant

Recommended
No.141 - Humectant

If you have diabetes and other conditions that affect your immune system, your healthcare providers may need to take extra precautions to prevent infections.

If you have a high risk or history of stroke or cardiovascular disease, they may also need to take precautions to ensure blood clots don’t develop.

People with additional health needs may also need to stay longer in the hospital.

Blood and urine tests

A surgeon will want to know that your key organs are healthy before operating.

Secret to my mothers youthful skin

Learn more

A urine test can provide clues about your kidney and liver health. A blood test can show if you have anemia or another blood disorder that may affect surgery.

A blood test can also reveal your blood type. This is important to know in case you need a transfusion.

It isn’t unusual to lose some blood during surgery. A 2015 study found that on average people lose 789 milliliters of blood during knee replacement surgery, and 11 percent need a transfusion.

If you’re unable to bank your own blood, the hospital will need to know your blood type to make a proper match.

Chest X-ray and EKG
ishonest No.231 - Pigmentation & Blemishes

Recommended
No.231 - Pigmentation & Blemishes

Your doctor may request a chest X-ray and electrocardiogram (EKG) to ensure that your heart and lungs are healthy enough for surgery.

Any disease that affects these organs may increase your risk of problems during the procedure.

In some cases, the doctor may advise against surgery for safety reasons.

Medications

The medical team will need to know about all your medications, including:

  • prescription drugs
  • over-the-counter (OTC) treatment
  • supplements
We Ask a Derm: What Is the Best Blackhead Remover?

Learn more

Your doctor may need to:

  • change your prescription
  • advise a change in your OTC drug use
  • ask you to stop taking some kinds of medication, such as blood thinners, a few days before surgery
Consent

You’ll need to give informed consent before any intervention.

The doctor will ask you to sign a form that describes the procedures and the devices that they will use.

In signing this document, you acknowledge that you understand the operation and recognize the risks. It’s essential that you ask about anything you don’t understand before signing the form.

ishonest No.161 - Uneven Skin Tone

Recommended
No.161 - Uneven Skin Tone

Although it’s impossible to cover the full spectrum of risks involved, it’s important that you know about the procedure and the most frequent complications.

The consent process may include questions about your willingness to accept blood transfusions and, in a worst-case scenario, your desires involving life support.

Most states require this consent by law.

Questions to ask before surgery

To ensure you have the best possible idea of what is going to happen before, during, and after surgery, it’s essential to ask a lot of questions.

Clinically Proven Efficacy for Softer, Smoother, Brighter Skin. Take the free test

Learn more

Here are some of the questions you might ask:

Takeaway

During the pre-op, the surgeon will ask a lot of questions, and you will have the chance to tell them everything they need to know about your health.

What they learn from you during this interview will help them make the best decisions for you before, during, and after surgery.

Read more on: replacement


What we do

We make skincare treatments and customize them for your skin-related problems, genetics, lifestyle, and environment.

How you benefit

You get total control over your skincare and the choice to change your skin. An impossible has just become possible.

How Custom Beauty Works

Desktop Mobile Graphic
Take the Quiz

Tell us about your skin, general health, lifestyle, environment, and all your skin goals. The quiz takes 4-8 minutes.

Outline of microscope
Create Your Treatment

Our algorithm creates a unique routine with a few customized products. The algorithm uses 50+ years of skincare research.

Outlines of Packaging
Divide and Rule

Every product is designed for one problem. Apply the product when the problem appears. Much like you treat flu or headache.

Product Values

A family sharing common values functions effortlessly and effectively. So do our products. All our products share these values.

Outline of bulb
Precise

Typical skincare routines confuse your skin with 20-50 ingredients. Our custom routines contain 1-8 ingredients, sending clear signals to your body to use the ingredients and recover faster.

Outline of Green Leaf
Concentrated

Our skin can use only active ingredients, also called actives. Most products contain up to 10% actives, whereas our products contain at least 90% actives. You get better value. Your skin avoids junk food.

Get Started

Never Used Before

Take the quiz below and discover a customized treatment for your unique skin-related problems, lifestyle, and environment.

Know Your Treatment

Every treatment has a unique 3-digit ID. You can find the ID on the product label. Search the ID on top right corner or click below.

Targeted Solutions

If a particular skin problem is bothering you, browse our products for your specific problem. You can customize your routine later.