Is it Okay to Use Self-Tanners If You Have Eczema?
When you have atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema, a lot of work goes into caring for your skin. Eczema affects skin in many ways, notes the National Eczema Association (NEA). You may itch, skin may be dry and red, or there may be scaly patches on your body.
If you have well-controlled eczema thanks to topical moisturizers, prescription medications, and good identification and management of triggers, you may also be thinking about how summer will affect your skin and how you can give your skin that natural-looking sun-kissed glow â€” in a safe way. Self-tanners may indeed be one option, even when you have eczema.
â€œSelf-tanner can be a great way to get color, but there are several potential drawbacks that all patients should be aware of, some of which are specific to eczema patients,â€ says S. Tyler Hollmig, MD, the director of dermatologic surgery and the director of laser and cosmetic dermatology at the University of Texas at Austin. â€œPatients with eczema really need to have their skin in prime, treated condition in order to tolerate self-tanner, and for best appearance,â€ he says.
How Does the Sun Affect Eczema-Prone Skin?
As the Skin Cancer Foundation says, â€œthere is no such thing as a safe or healthy tan.â€ Thatâ€™s because sun (ultraviolet, or UV, light) exposure increases your risk of a variety of skin cancers. This applies to people who have eczema, but thereâ€™s a caveat. â€œIn general, sunlight in moderation can be very helpful for eczema. When you look at rates of eczema throughout the U.S. and world, research shows there is less eczema in populations that live closer to the equator,â€ says Jonathan Silverberg, MD, PhD, MPH, an associate professor of dermatology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences in Washington, DC.
In addition, phototherapy â€” that is, using UV light â€” is one treatment for eczema, notes the NEA. â€œWe do not entirely understand the mechanism here, but certain wavelengths of UV light are thought to suppress cutaneous immune cells in a way that reduces inflammation and flaring,â€ Dr. Hollmig explains. Still, dermatologists do not suggest that people with eczema get a sunburn. Phototherapy treatment is used in a controlled and skin-safe way in the dermatologistâ€™s office. For instance, there is minimal risk of skin cancer, and side effects like redness or burning are not common, according to NYU Langone Health.
Using Self-Tanner When You Have Eczema
As someone with eczema, you might be a pro at reading labels on your skin- care products. Youâ€™re not only looking for words like â€œgentle,â€ â€œfragrance- free,â€ or â€œdesigned for sensitive skinâ€ â€” youâ€™re also reading the ingredients list. â€œThe challenges faced with self-tanners may really apply to a variety of personal-care products, in that there are certain ingredients that are notoriously irritating in patients with sensitive skin or atopic dermatitis,â€ says Silverberg. Self-tanners are leave-on products, and so there may be an increased risk that the ingredients in the formula, like preservatives, will cause irritation.
When choosing a self-tanner, know that your product will contain DHA, as thatâ€™s the active ingredient that changes your skin tone. Still, you can take a few precautions. One, look for a product that is labeled safe for sensitive skin. Products that have fewer additives (such as fragrances and preservatives) or a shorter list of ingredients, as well as those that contain additional moisturizers (such as shea butter, aloe, glycerin, and vitamins E and B5) can decrease the risk of irritation and promote a healthy skin barrier. If you are getting a spray tan, you can ask the salon what type of product they use â€” in general, the advice and cautions on at-home bottled self-tanners applies to a spray tan.
Some products that meet the aforementioned criteria are Coola Organic Sunless Tan Dry Oil Mist ($46, Dermstore.com), Supergoop! Healthy Glow Sunless Tan Broad Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 40 ($38, Sephora.com), and Josie Maran Juicy Mango Argan Liquid Gold Self-Tanning Body Oil ($39, Sephora.com).
Before Trying a Self-Tanner, Test Your Skin
Overall, the likelihood of skin reacting to self-tanners is low, but if you have sensitive skin or have had adverse reactions to products in the past, be more careful applying something new, including self-tanner, suggests Silverberg. He recommends doing a â€œrepeat open-use test.â€ Hereâ€™s how to do it:
- Apply the product (in this case, your self-tanner of choice) on a one- to two- centimeter area of the skin at the crease of the elbow.
- Repeat once or twice per day for a couple of weeks.
- Watch for a reaction, such as redness or irritation.
One Last Thing on Using a Self-Tanner When You Have Eczema
SPF is important for everyone, but people with eczema may have an additional reason to use SPF: Eczema may make your skin more vulnerable to the effects of the sun, notes the NEA.
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