Curated by Claudia Shannon / Research Scientist / ishonest

The first signs of rosacea include

  • redness (blushing) across your nose, cheeks, forehead and chin that comes and goes
  • a burning or stinging feeling when using water or skincare products

The redness may be harder to see on darker skin. Other symptoms can include:

  • dry skin
  • swelling, especially around the eyes
  • yellow-orange patches on the skin
  • sore eyelids or crusts around roots of eyelashes this could be blepharitis
  • thickened skin, mainly on the nose (usually appears after many years)

It's not known what causes rosacea, but some triggers can make symptoms worse. Common triggers for rosacea include:

  • alcohol
  • spicy foods
  • cheese
  • caffeine
  • hot drinks
  • aerobic exercise like running

If you're not sure it's rosacea Rosacea can look a lot like other conditions, such as:

  • acne
  • contact dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis and other types of dermatitis
  • lupus
  • keratosis pilaris

    Treatment for rosacea from a GP

    Rosacea cannot be cured but treatment from a GP can help control the symptoms. It can get worse if it's not treated. A GP may suggest:

    • prescriptions for creams and gels you put on your skin
    • taking antibiotics for 6 to 16 weeks
    • IPL (intense pulsed light) treatment this may not be available on the NHS

    The GP may refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist) if treatments are not working.

    Things you can do to help

    Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene and it's not contagious. But there are things you can try to help with symptoms. If you know that a trigger, for example alcohol or spicy food, makes symptoms worse, try to avoid it as much as possible.

    • wear a high SPF sunscreen of at least SPF 30 every day try to avoid heat, sunlight or humid conditions if possible try to cover your face in cold weather use gentle skincare products for sensitive skin clean your eyelids at least once a day if you have blepharitis
    • take steps to manage stress
    • do not drink alcohol do not have hot drinks do not have too much caffeine (found in tea, coffee and chocolate) do not eat cheese do not eat spicy food
    • do not do too much aerobic exercise, like running

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